Green construction and improvement projects already figure prominently in the work of local contracting firms, and national projections suggest that dollars invested in energy-efficiency upgrades could nearly triple over the next four years.
Calling green building “a bright spot in a still uncertain economy,” industry data provider McGraw-Hill Construction recently reported that the value of U.S. energy-efficiency work — nonresidential and residential — is expected to grow from $85 billion this year to between $204 billion and $248 billion by 2016.
Green projects currently represent about 44 percent of all commercial and institutional construction nationwide, and that is expected to grow to 55 percent by 2016. Data covering San Diego County was not immediately available.
Douglas Kot, executive director of the U.S Green Building Council’s San Diego chapter, said local commercial construction has not returned to pre-recession levels in most building categories, including offices. But the majority of new projects and upgrades going forward in the next few years are expected to pursue certification under the council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) program or the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Energy Star program.
The pace of improvements will likely increase in the coming year, as the state of California moves to enforce previously passed laws requiring building owners to disclose energy usage to prospective buyers and tenants. “There’s been a change in thinking where more owners are now looking at building upgrades as revenue-generating assets, rather than just liabilities that drain revenue,” Kot said.
Local construction company leaders say demand for energy efficiency in commercial buildings is on the rise, as developers look to reduce costs and attract the best tenants — and as those tenants in turn look to recruit the top workers in fields such as life sciences and technology.
“It’s developed to the point where it’s an expectation now,” said Whitney Dorn, sustainability manager for DPR Construction in San Diego, noting that private developers are increasingly calling for green elements to make their projects competitive in the marketplace.
DPR recently worked on green-oriented projects including Nautilus, a Torrey Pines office complex being updated by owner Alexandria Real Estate Equities Inc.; as well as local renovations and expansions by life-sciences players such as Illumina Inc. and Optimer Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Even in cases where the landlord is unable to immediately charge premium rent for a green space, Dorn said building owners are looking primarily to bring in strong, eco-minded companies willing to sign long-term leases. “Developers feel they have a chance to bring in higher quality tenants if they have a green building,” Dorn said.
She said smart metering, storage and other technology are allowing building owners to feasibly update existing buildings to monitor and control energy consumption.
Eric Stenman, national chief of enterprise development in Balfour Beatty Construction’s San Diego office, said the firm anticipates annual growth of approximately 25 percent nationally over the coming eight years in sustainable projects, including new construction and building retrofits.
Public and Private Outlooks
“For now it’s going to be the larger public sector projects, but it will be followed up over time by the private sector,” Stenman said. He said the firm has recently worked on several large government projects where sustainability factored prominently, including a Wounded Warrior treatment center at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton near Oceanside, the military’s first-ever such facility certified as LEED Platinum.
Stenman said an improving local economy is likely to first spur an increase in private-sector building upgrades, rather than new construction, as upgrades allow more flexibility and tend to be less costly in terms of timing, property acquisitions and related development factors.
McGraw-Hill also reported results of a study anticipating continued national green investments by public school systems and universities, citing factors such as reducing building operating costs and improving health and productivity for workers and students.
As of mid-2012, San Diego ranked 10th nationally on the U.S. Green Building Council list of cities with the most LEED projects, either certified or registered in the national program.
A recent report by the brokerage firm CBRE noted that the vacancy rate for San Diego County’s green office buildings was 4 percent lower than for nongreen properties, and green buildings on average commanded higher rents in the local market.